WWF Arctic Council Conservation Scorecard

Black Carbon and Adaptation

© Global Warming Images / WWF

Climate change is the single most important driver of change in the Arctic.

Findings

Arctic states are progressing toward the implementation of a framework to address black carbon emissions, and are taking early actions to reduce these emissions.

Arctic states have established observation systems to monitor changes in the cryosphere.

Recommendations

Arctic countries

Arctic Council

Detailed ratings

A Canada

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 1/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 4/4
  • Total score
  • 8/8

All ratings for Canada See detailed scoring criteria

B Kingdom of Denmark

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 1/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • 0/1
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 4/4
  • Total score
  • 7/8

All ratings for Kingdom of Denmark See detailed scoring criteria

A Finland

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 1/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • N/A
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 3/4
  • Total score
  • 6/7

All ratings for Finland See detailed scoring criteria

C Iceland

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 0/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • 0/1
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 2/4
  • Total score
  • 4/8

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B Norway

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 1/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • 0/1
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 3/4
  • Total score
  • 6/8

All ratings for Norway See detailed scoring criteria

A Russia

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 1/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 0/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 4/4
  • Total score
  • 7/8

All ratings for Russia See detailed scoring criteria

A Sweden

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 1/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • N/A
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 3/4
  • Total score
  • 6/7

All ratings for Sweden See detailed scoring criteria

B United States

  • Black Carbon Emissions Inventories
  • 1/1
  • Black Carbon Early Actions
  • 1/1
  • Emissions from Flaring
  • 1/1
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • 0/1
  • Climate Change Observation
  • 3/4
  • Total score
  • 6/8

All ratings for United States See detailed scoring criteria

A Arctic Council

  • Climate Monitoring and Observation
  • 2/2
  • Coordination on Black Carbon and Methane Emissions Reduction
  • 3/3
  • Total Score
  • 5/5

All ratings for Arctic Council See detailed scoring criteria

How these indicators are scored

National

Indicator 1: Black Carbon Emissions Inventories

Criterion 1: State has developed and submitted to the Arctic Council an inventory of BC emissions

Indicator 2: Black Carbon Early Actions

Criterion 1: State has implemented early actions to reduce black carbon

Indicator 3: Emissions from Flaring

Criterion 1: State requires licenses or permits for any flaring of gas

Indicator 4: Climate Change Adaptation

Criterion 1: State has developed and implemented Arctic adaptation strategies appropriate to the scale and character of anticipated changes

Indicator 5: Climate Change Observation

Criterion 1: State has developed regional-scale assessments of cryospheric change and the associated risks

Criterion 2: State has systematic, comprehensive surface-based monitoring of the cryosphere

Criterion 3: State has supported development of remote sensing methods for observing the cryosphere

Criterion 4: State has systems to observe the cascading effects of cryospheric change on ecosystems and human society

Arctic Council

Indicator 1: Climate Monitoring and Observation

Criterion 1: Arctic Council (AMAP) has reviewed needs and gaps in climate monitoring since 2006

Criterion 2: Arctic Council established an Arctic observing network

Indicator 2: Coordination on Black Carbon and Methane Emissions Reduction

Criterion 1: Arctic Council established a process for submission of periodic national reports and action plans

Criterion 2: Arctic Council created an expert group synthesizing policy relevant information from national inventories

Criterion 3: Arctic Council established a Task Force to develop arrangements on actions to achieve Black Carbon and methane emission reductions, which provides a report in 2015